Ralph Maki Underground Iron Mining Oral History Interview (Part 1 of 4)
|Title:||Ralph Maki Underground Iron Mining Oral History Interview (Part 1 of 4).|
Maki, Ralph, Interviewee
Andes, Mary Tippett, Interviewer
Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives, contributor
Listen to part 2 of the interview here.
Listen to part 3 of the interview here.
Listen to part 4 of the interview here.
View an incomplete transcript of part 1 of the interview here.
This oral history interview is one of several on underground iron mining conducted by researcher Mary Tippett Andes for her book "The Last Generation Underground." Ralph Maki (1915-1995) was born in Humboldt, MI to Emil Maki and Lempi Kuliuu. He was part of the last generation of underground miners on the Marquette Iron Range. This interview was recorded at his home in Ishpeming, Michigan by Mary Tippett Andes. His father, a Finnish immigrant, died in the Barnes-Hecker cave-in. He also discusses working for the Works Progress Administration, working for the Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Mining Company in 1935-36 at the Lloyd Mine, drift mining, and the Lloyd and Mather A mines. Other topics include underground iron mining, mining terminology, and speaking Finnish at home growing up.
Iron mines and mining
Oral histories (document genres)
Marquette Iron Range (Mich.)
Marquette County (Mich.)
Barnes-Hecker Mine Disaster, Mich., 1926
United States, Works Progress Administration
Works Progress Administration.,
Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company
|Held by:||Central Upper Peninsula and Northern Michigan University Archives|
|Restrictions on Access:||In copyright (http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/)|
|Is Part Of:||MSS-180, Oral histories of underground iron miners.|